The peach tree (Prunus persica) belongs to the family Rosaceae, which originated in China and has been cultivated for more than 4000 years. The peach is a fruit that due to having a seed that is easily propagated was quickly cultivated around the world. The intentional process of combining several species created different varieties enabling for peach trees to adapt to the conditions of every region. Hence, it is cultivated in high tropical regions as well as areas where temperatures reach -30ºC (-22ºF). Peach trees are also used for decorating purposes, but when they are planted in vases they have a lower life expectancy. Due to its genetic diversity, the precise region where the peach originated is not known.
This fruit is thought to have come from China, but peaches in China’s south-east and north-east have very different characteristics. You can still find wild peach trees in North-East China. Since they belong to the same genus, it is easy to fertilise a peach and almond, which led many botanists to suggest that peaches may have derived from almonds. Recent studies have concluded that these species evolved separately. Peach seeds travelled through commercial routes to Persia, where they were given the name Prunus Persica. Pliny – Roman naturalist and philosopher – refers to the plantation of peach trees in Greece in 386 B.C.
Unlike what it may seem, from a nutritional point of view, it may be sweet but the peach does not have many calories with a lot of water and rich in fibres.
info per 100 ml
FRUIT FROM THE ORCHARD
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