The mango tree (Mangifera indica L.) belongs to the same family (Anacardiaceae) as cashew, pistachio, and curiously enough, poison ivy. This is a large family with 73 types and 600 to 700 species. A native of Asia, we believe that it originates more precisely from the Indian north-east and Burma and spread to south-east Asia and Malaysia over 1500 years ago. It arrived in the African continent approximately 1000 years ago and was brought to Europe by the Portuguese, and later by the English. As is the case with so many other types of fruit, the mango was taken to America by settlers. It arrived in Brazil in the 17th century and Florida in the late 19th century.
Portuguese and Spanish merchants took the mango from India to East Africa, the Philippines, and Mexico, and it followed to Hawaii. Its production grew a lot in Florida in the 20th century but by the end of the century urban developments, freezing temperatures, and hurricanes had reduced its plantation from 7000 to 2500 hectares. In 1992, Hurricane Andrew reduced Florida's production area to 1000 to 1500 hectares, which remain to this day. In spite of its small scale, Florida’s industry has been extremely valuable for the plantation of mango around the world due to its research and development of farms.
From a nutritional point of view, mangoes are rich in vitamin A and C, folate contents, and plenty of antioxidants.
info per 100 ml
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