The apple is the most iconic fruit in the world, cultivated for millennia and a symbol of health and kindness. Apples were extremely used in the mythology of many people, from Greek to Norse mythology. From poetry to paintings, apples have been introduced as magical with the capacity to cure all human diseases.
From the 12th century, the apple tree has been considered as the Tree of Knowledge. This species can be found from Siberia, where it survives temperatures of -40ºC, to high tropical regions. It might have been the first fruit tree cultivated and its fruit may have evolved for thousands of years.
It is thought to have originated in Asia, where we can still find whole forests of apple trees, and a recent analysis of its DNA points to the European crab apple (Malus Sylvestris) originating in the mountains of Kazakhstan.
It is also believed that Alexander the Great brought small apple trees from Kazakhstan to Macedonia. The apple is a victim of its own genetic creativity, a characteristic that botanists call heterozygous, which ensures that the seeds of an apple will result in an apple tree with fruit that has different characteristics to its ‘parent’. This is why there are thousands of apple varieties around the world and grafting is the most common means of cultivation by farmers ensuring their intended variety.
The consumption of apples has been historically associated with health. In spite of not being able to identify specific health benefits, we know that it is beneficial for dentition and it has antioxidants, which prevent cardiovascular diseases.
info per 100 ml
FRUIT FROM THE ORCHARD
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